How to Write a Summary? A Step-by-Step Guide for Writers

Writing a summary is an essential skill for any writer. Whether you’re a student, a professional, or a blogger, summarizing helps convey key information clearly and concisely.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you master the art of summarizing.

1. Understand the Purpose

Before you start summarizing, know why you need to create a summary. A summary distills the main ideas of a text into a brief overview, helping readers grasp the essential points without reading the entire document. Whether for academic purposes, business reports, or online content, the goal remains the same: to inform efficiently.

If you need assistance, Ai summarizer can be a great option.

2. Read the Original Text Thoroughly

Begin by reading the original text carefully. This step is crucial as it ensures you understand the content fully. Pay attention to the main ideas, supporting details, and the overall structure. Highlight or note down key points and concepts.

3. Identify the Main Ideas

Once you’ve read the text, identify the primary arguments or points. Focus on what the author aims to convey. Look for topic sentences, headings, and any repeated themes. These will guide you in determining the core ideas that need to be included in your summary.


4. Take Notes

While identifying the main ideas, take notes in your own words. Avoid copying large chunks of text. Paraphrasing helps you better understand the material and ensures your summary is original. Note down only the most important points and concepts.

5. Organize Your Notes

Arrange your notes logically. Typically, a summary follows the structure of the original text, presenting information in the same sequence. This organization helps maintain the flow and coherence of the summary, making it easier for readers to follow.

6. Write the First Draft

Start writing your summary using your notes. Begin with a clear introduction that states the main idea of the original text. Then, expand on the key points, ensuring you remain concise and to the point. Use your own words and keep sentences short.

7. Be Concise

A summary should be brief. Aim to convey the essence of the original text in as few words as possible. Avoid unnecessary details, examples, and explanations. Stick to the main points and ensure every sentence adds value.

8. Use Clear and Simple Language

Use straightforward language when writing your summary. Avoid jargon and complex sentences. Your goal is to make the summary easy to read and understand. Clarity is key in summarizing.


9. Review and Revise

After completing your first draft, review it carefully. Check for any inaccuracies or omissions. Ensure the summary accurately reflects the original text’s main ideas. Revise sentences for clarity and brevity. This step might involve several rounds of editing to achieve the perfect balance.

10. Proofread

Finally, proofread your summary to eliminate any grammatical errors or typos. A well-written summary should be free of mistakes. Proofreading ensures your summary is polished and professional.


Writing a summary involves understanding the original text, identifying the main ideas, and conveying them concisely. By following these steps, you can create clear and effective summaries that communicate essential information efficiently. Remember, practice makes perfect, so keep honing your summarizing skills for better results.